The Effect of Using Close Reading and GIST Strategies on Students’ Reading Comprehension at Health Vocational High School Pekanbaru



Based on the researcher’s preliminary observation at Health Vocational High School Pekanbaru, it was found that some of the first grade students had problems in reading comprehension, especially in descriptive text. They could not identify the of the text, main idea, supporting details, inference and reference in the text. The main focus of this research was to find out whether there was a significant difference between using Close Reading and GIST strategies on students’ reading comprehension in descriptive text at Health Vocational High School Pekanbaru. It was carried out based on a quasi-experimental design by comparing two strategies of experimental group 1 and experimental group 2 pretest-posttest design. It involved 60 participants that consisted of experimental group 1 and experimental group 2. Four research questions and Four hypotheses were posed in this study in order to find out the significant difference between the use of Close Reading and GIST strategies on the students’ reading comprehension. Pre-test and post-test were administered to collect the data. Then, independent sample t-test and paired sample t-test were used to analyze the collected data. The research findings showed that There is no significant difference on students’ reading comprehension gain score between those students who were taught by close reading and GIST strategies at Health Vocational High School Pekanbaru and also there was a significance difference of post-test mean scores between the experimental class 1 (using Close Reading strategy) and the experimental class 2 (using GIST strategy) on the students’ reading comprehension. Close Reading strategy contributed 79% of their reading comprehension improvement; while GIST contributed 71% of the improvement; In conclusion, both Close Reading and GIST strategies can be applied in teaching reading comprehension at Health Vocational High School Pekanbaru.


close reading strategy, generating interaction between schemata and text strategy, reading comprehension

Full Text:



Alderson J.Charles. 2000. Assesing reading: Cambridge University Press

Brown, H. Douglas. 2003. Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices. New York: Pearson Education Inc.

Brown, Sheron. What is Close Reading. Retrieved on march 26, 2013

Christine, Nuttall. 1982. Teaching Reading Skills in a Foreign Language. London: Heinemann Educational Books.

Close Reading. p. 4. Retrieved on March 26 2013

Crawford, Alan & 2005. Teaching and Learning Strategies for the Thinking Classroom. New York: IDEA.

Creswell, W. John. 2008. Educational Research: Planning Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Canada: Pearson Education Inc.

Djamal, Murni, et al. 2006. Improving Reading Skill in English for University Students, Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Davis, Alison. 2011. Building Comprehension Strategies. Australia. Eleanor Curtain Publishing

Fischer, Roger and Steven. 2003. A History of Reading. London: Reaktion Books.

Herrel, Adrienne L. 2012. 50 Strategies for teaching English Language Learners. New York: Pearson Education Inc

Hornby, A.S. 2005. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English.Ed.7th. New York:Oxford University Press.

Judi, Moreillon. 2007. Collaborative Strategies for Teaching: Reading Comprehension. Chicago: American Library Association.

Nancy. “Close Reading: Strategies, Techniques, and Quiz”. Retrieved on September 25th 2013

Nation. I.S.P. 2009. Teaching ESL/EFL reading and writing. New York: Routledge

Nunan, David. 2003. Practical English Language Teaching, First Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.

Richards, C. Jack. and Richard Schmidt. 2002. Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics. Third Edition. New York: Person Education.

Snow, Catherine and Chair. 2002. Reading for Understanding. Santa Monica: Rand.

Tankersley, Karen. 2003. The Threads of Reading: Strategies for Literacy Development. Canada: ASCD.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

J/E/A/L/T   ISSN 2407-0998 (Print) | ISSN 2407-1005 (Online)

Pusat Pengembangan Bahasa UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau
JL. KH. Ahmad Dahlan No. 94 Pekanbaru
28128 PO BOX 1004
HP. 0852-4896-2008 Fax. (0761) 858832 Telp 0761-562223

Email :

Creative Commons License
Journal of English and Arabic Language Teaching is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at

Flag Counter