Regulasi Perilaku Islami, Kesadaran Moral, dan Kemunafikan

Agus Abdul Rahman

Abstract


Kemunafikan merupakan masalah serius dalam pendidikan moral. Berbagai penelitian sudah dilakukan untuk memahami karakter kemunafikan tersebut, dan faktor-faktor apa yang mempengaruhinya. Pemahaman itu penting agar dapat dilakukan upaya antisipatif untuk mengatasinya. Penelitian ini menguji hubungan Regulasi Perilaku Islami, Kesadaran Moral, dan Kemunafikan. Menarik untuk dibahas karena Islam secara detil mengatur bagaimana pemeluknya harus berperilaku. Pengaturan perilaku secara detil tersebut diduga berhubungan dengan kesadaran terhadap nilai-nilai moral, dan kesadaran moral sendiri secara empirik sudah terbukti dapat menurunkan kemunafikan.
Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Regulasi Perilaku Islami secara signifikan berhubungan positif dengan Kesadaran Moral (r = .152, p = .021), dan berhubungan negative dengan kemunafikan (r = -.205, p = .002). Regulasi Perilaku Islami dan Kesadaran Moral secara bersama-sama juga berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap kemunafikan, F (2, 225) = 7.237, p = .001, dengan nilai R2 sebesar .052. Hasil penelitian lainnya menunjukkan bahwa kesadaran terhadap domain moral kesucian dapat menurunkan kemunafikan ( β = -1.182, p = .008), sedangkan kesadaran terhadap domain moral lainnya tidak berpengaruh.


Kata kunci : regulasi perilaku islami, kesadaran moral dan kemunafikan


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