The Protein-Energy Synchronization Index of The Tropical Legumes for Ruminants

Afduha Nurus Syamsi, Merryafinola Ifani, Yusuf Subagyo

Abstract


ABSTRACT. The study was aimed to assess protein-energy synchronization (PES) index of the tropical legumes as feed for ruminants. The research was carried out experimentally in two stages. The first stage was measured the nutritional value of legumes using the proximate method. All types of legumes had been dried (at 600C for 3 days) and grinded. The second stage is to calculate the PES index based on the average degradation of g protein and Kg of organic matter (OM) per hour for each legume. Protein degradation and OM were measured at 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours of observation. The results of the degradation observations at each hour were analyzed by linear regression to obtain the average degradation per hour, then the results were included in the calculation formula of the PES index. The PES index of each legume was discussed descriptively. The analysis showed that legume is a source of fiber with an average crude fiber of 18% and a high protein content of 23.23%. Based on the calculation of the PES index Leucaena leucocephala (0.34) and Calliandra calothyrsus (0.31) are at a low level, while Indigofera (0.48), Sesbania grandiflora (0.42), and Gliricidia sepium (0.47) are at the medium level. This difference was caused by differences in the rate of degradation of protein and organic matter of each legume, besides the presence of antinutrients greatly affected the resulting PES index. The research concluded that the tropical legumes in ruminant feed has the PES indexes at low to medium levels.


Keywords


Protein-energy synchronization index, legumes, tropics, ruminant

Full Text:

PDF

References


AOAC. 2005. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Ed. Washington DC: Assosiation of Official Analytical Chemist.

Argadyastro, D., Y. Retnani & D. Diapari. 2015. Pengolahan daun lamtoro secara fisik dengan bentuk mash, pellet dan wafer terhadap performa domba. Bul Makanan Ternak. 102(1):19–26.

da Silva, S.P., M.T. Rodrigues, R.A.M. Vieira & M.M.C. da Silva. 2013. In vitro degradation kinetics of protein and carbohydrate fractions of selected tropical forages. Biosci J. 29(5):1299–309.

Hadi, R.F., Kustantinah & H. Hartadi. 2011. Kecernaan in sacco hijauan leguminosa dan hijauan non- leguminosa dalam rumen sapi Peranakan Ongole. Bul Peternakan. 35(2):79.

Hartadi, H., S. Roksohadipradja & A.D. Tillman. 1990. Tabel Komposisi Pakan untuk Indonesia. Yogyakarta: UGM Press.

Hermon, Suryahadi, K.G. Wiryawan & S. Hardjosoewignjo. 2008. Nisbah sinkronisasi suplai N-protein dan energi dalam rumen sebagai basis formulasi ransum ternak ruminansia. Media Peternakan. 31(3):186–94.

Mariani, N.P., I.G. Mahardika, S. Putra & I.B.G. Partama. 2015. Penentuan keseimbangan protein dan energi ransum Sapi Bali jantan. J Peternakan Indonesia. 17(1):46–53.

Mayasari, N & M.R. Ismiraj. 2019. Introduksi Pemanfaatan legum Indigofera zollingeriana sebagai pengganti sebagian konsentrat pada sapi potong di kelompok peternak putra nusa, desa kondangdjaja, Kecamatan Cijulang, Kabupaten Pangandaran. Dharmakarya. J Apl Ipteks untuk Masy. 8(2):105–10.

Nurhayu, A & D. Pasambe. 2016. Indigofera sebagai substitusi hijauan pada pakan sapi potong di Kabupaten Bulukumba Sulawesi Selatan. In: Seminar Nasional Peternakan 2. Makasar: Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin; 2016. p. 52–6.

Orskov, E.R & I. Mcdonald. 1979. The estimation of protein degradability in the rumen from incubation measurements weighted according to rate of passage. J Agric Sci. 92(2):499–503.

Paga, A., B.B. Koten & T.N.I. Koni. 2001. Pemanfaatan wafer leguminosa sebagai pakan alternatif ternak kambing di daerah lahan kering. Partner. 15(2):185–91.

Rusdy, M. 2012. Produksi bahan kering, kompatibilitas biologis dan kualitas tanaman campuran Rumput Benggala (Brachiaria decumbens) dan Centro (Centrosema pubescens). Pastura J Trop Forage Sci. 2(1):17–20.

Simanihuruk, K & J. Sirait. 2009. Pemanfaatan leguminosa pohon Indigofera Sp. sebagai pakan basal Kambing Boerka fase pertumbuhan. In: Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner. 2009. p. 75–82.

Suardin, N. Sandiah & R. Aka. 2014. Kecernaan bahan kering dan bahan organik campuran Rumput Mulato (Brachiaria hybrid cv mulato) dengan jenis legum berbeda menggunakan cairan rumen sapi. Jitro. 1(1):16-22.

Syamsi, A.N., F.M. Suhartati & W. Suryapratama. 2017. Pengaruh Daun Turi (Sesbania grandiflora) dan Lamtoro (Leucaena leucocephala) dalam ransum sapi berbasis indeks sinkronisasi protein-energi terhadap sintesis protein mikroba rumen. Pastura. 6(2):47–52.

Syamsi, A.N., T.Y. Astuti & P. Soediarto. 2018. Volatile fatty acids and methane profile of dairy cattle ruminal fluid was gived legumes in ration based on synchronization protein-energy index. Bul Peternakan. 42(4):283–9.

Syamsi, A.N., H.S. Widodo, Harwanto, M. Ifani & R.A. Rahayu. 2019. Potensi nilai nutrisi dan indeks sinkronisasi protein-energi berbagai jenis jerami segar untuk ternak perah. In: Pengembangan Sumber Daya Perdesaan dan Kearifan Lokal Berkelanjutan IX. Purwokerto: Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Universitas Jenderal Soedirman; 2019. p. 32–40.

Syamsi, A.N & H.S. Widodo. 2020. Synchronization protein-energy index of various forages for dairy livestock : an in vitro study. Journal of Animal Production. 22 (2): 92-97.

Syamsi, A.N & Harwanto. 2021. Potensi nilai nutrisi dan indeks sinkronisasi protein-energi berbagai jenis ramban bagi ternak perah. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis. 8(2): 91-97.

Tilley, J.M.A & R.A. Terry. 1963. The relationship between the soluble constituents of herbage and their dry-matter digestibility. J Br Grassld Soc. 18(21):104–11.

Tillman, A.D., H. Hartadi, S. Reksohadiprodjo, S. Prawirokusumo & S. Lebdosukojo. 1998. Ilmu Makanan Ternak Dasar. Yogyakarta: UGM Press.

Utomo, R. 2012. Evaluasi Pakan dengan Metode Noninvansif. Citra Ajiprama. Yogyakarta.

Waldi, L., W. Suryapratama & F.M. Suhartati. 2017. Pengaruh penggunaan bungkil kedelai dan bungkil kelapa dalam ransum berbasis indeks sinkronisasi energi dan protein terhadap sintesis protein mikroba rumen sapi perah. J Livest Sci Prod. 1(1):1–12.

Widyobroto, B.P., S.P.S. Budhi & A. Agus. 2007. Pengaruh aras undegraded protein dan energi terhadap kinetik fermentasi rumen dan sintesis protein mikroba pada sapi. J Indones Trop Anim Agric. 32(3):194–200.

Wina, E. 2010. Utilization of tannin containing shrub legumes for small ruminant production in indonesia. Wartazoa. 20(1):21-30.

Wina, E & I.W.R. Susana. 2013. Manfaat lemak terproteksi untuk meningkatkan produksi dan reproduksi ternak ruminansia. Wartazoa. 23(4):176–84.

Yang, J.Y., J. Seo, H.J. Kim, S. Seo & J.K. Ha. 2010. Nutrient synchrony: is it a suitable strategy to improve nitrogen utilization and animal performance. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci. 23(7):972–9.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24014/jupet.v19i1.15415

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Peternakan has been accredited by Sinta 3 : Number 158/E/KPT/2021

Starting from Vol. 18 No. 1 Year 2021 to Vol. 22 No. 2 Year 2025

 

Jurnal Peternakan Indexed By:

        
 

Editorial Office:

Jurnal Peternakan

Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, State Islamic University of Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau.

H.R. Soebrantas street KM. 15,5 Panam – Pekanbaru city.

E-mail: jurnal.peternakan@uin-suska.ac.id/ jpeternakan.uin-suska@yahoo.com

ejournal: http://ejournal.uin-suska.ac.id/index.php/peternakan

e-ISSN: 2355-9470   p-ISSN: 1829-8729

Lisensi Creative Commons
Creation is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. View Mystats