Raihani Raihani


Successful School Leadership in Indonesia: Perspectives of the Principals: Principals exert considerable influence on schools, with the most opportunity and responsibility for exercising leadership that will enhance school outcomes. Research on successful schools invariably links the success with successful principal leadership. Yet, there are a few studies that have explored successful principal leadership in Asian contexts, a fewer still that do so within an Islamic culture. This article explores principals’ leadership in Indonesian successful secondary schools from the principals’ perspectives. Whilst confirming several common practices of successful school leadership from earlier research, the principals from the three successful schools inYogyakarta also demonstrated significant differences, particularly in terms of beliefs and values that underpinned the leadership. These values include Islamic and cultural beliefs and values which were strong and enduring, and articulated in the school leadership and strategies. The principals demonstrated ability in developing the school vision, setting strategies, building capacity, and establishing a broader network for the benefits of the school improvement.


School Leadership, Principals,


Bjork, C. (2003). Local Responses to Decentralization Policy in Indonesia. Comparative Education Review, 47(2), 184-216.

Caldwell, B. J., & Spinks, M. (1998). Beyond the Self-Managing School. (London: The Falmer Press, 1998)

Cheng, Y. C. School Effectiveness and School-Based Management. (London: The Falmer Press, 1996)

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. Research Methods in Education. (London: Routledge Falmer, 2000)

Day, C., Harris, A., Hadfield, M., Tolley, H., & Beresford, J. Leading Schools in Times of Change. (Buckingham: Open University Press, 2000)

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. (2003). Undang-Undang Sistim Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2003. Retrieved 10 August, 2003, from

EMIS. Statistik Pendidikan Islam. (Jakarta: Education Management Information System, The Ministry of Religious Affairs Republic of Indonesia, 2002)

Flick, U. An Introduction to Qualitative Research. (London: Sage Publications, 1998)

Geisjel, F., Sleeger, P., Leithwood, K., & Jantzi, D. (2003). Transformational Leadership Effects on Teachers' Commitment and Effort toward School Reform. Journal of Educational Administration, 41(3), 228-256.

Gurr, D., Drysdale, L., Natale, E. D., Ford, P., Hardy, R., & Swan, R. (2003). Successful School Leadership in Victoria: Three Case Studies. Leading and Managing, 9(1), 18-37.

Hallinger, P., & Heck, R. (1998). Exploring the Principal's Contribution to School Effectiveness: 1980-1995. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 9(2), 157-191.

Hartono, D., & Ehrmann, D. The Indonesian Economic Crisis and Its Impact on Educational Enrolment and Quality. (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2001)

Hasbullah. Sejarah Pendidikan Islam Di Indonesia. (Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 1995)

Hill, P. W. What All Principals Should Know About Teaching and Learning. In M. S. Tucker & J. B. Codding (Eds.), The Principal Challenge. (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002)

Hopkins, D. School Improvement for Real. (London: Routledge Falmer, 2001)

Irawan, A., Eriyanto, Djani, L., & Sunaryanto, A. Mendagangkan Sekolah. (Jakarta: ICW (Indonesian Corruption Watch), 2004)

Jalal, F., & Supriadi, D. (Eds.). Reformasi Pendidikan Dalam Konteks Otonomi Daerah. (Yogyakarta: Adi Cita, 2001)

Jiyono, Jalal, F., Syamsuddin, A., Syafruddin, D., Suparman, R., Ajisuksmo, et al. Menuju Desentralisasi Pengelolaan Pendidikan Dasar. In F. Jalal (Ed.), Reformasi Pendidikan Dalam Konteks Otonomi Daerah (pp. 117-147). (Yogyakarta: Adicita, 2001)

King, M. B., & Newmann, F. M. (2001). Building School Capacity through Professional Development: Conceptual and Empirical Considerations. The International Journal of Educational Management, 20(1), 86-94.

Kuczmarski, S. S., & Kuczmarski, T. D. Values-Based Leadership. (Paramus, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1995).

Leithwood, K. (2005). Understanding Successful School Leadership: Progress on a Broken Front. Journal of Educational Administration, 43(6), 619-629.

Leithwood, K., & Duke, D. L. A Century's Quest to Understand School Leadership. In J. Murphy & K. S. Louis (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Educational Administration (pp. 45-72). (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1999).

Leithwood, K., & Jantzi, D. (2000). The Effects of Transformational Leadership on Organizational Conditions and Student Engagement with School. Journal of Educational Administration, 38(2), 112-129.

Leithwood, K., Jantzi, D., & Steinbach, R. Changing Leadership for Changing Times. (Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1999).

Leithwood, K., Louis, K. S., Anderson, S., & Wahlstrom, K. (2004). How Leadership Influences Student Learning. from

Leithwood, K., & Riehl, C. (2003). What Do We Already Know About Successful School Leadership? Retrieved October 7, 2003, from

MacBeath, J. (Ed.). Effective School Leadership: Responding to Change. (London: Paul Chapman Publishing Ltd., 1998)

Mastuhu. Dinamika Sistem Pendidikan Pesantren: Suatu Kajian Tentang Unsur Dan Nilai Sistem Pendidikan Pesantren. (Jakarta: INIS., 1994)

Merriem, S. B. Case Study Research in Education: A Qualitative Approach. (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Inc., 1988)

Merriem, S. B. Qualitative Research and Case Study Applications in Education. (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Inc, 1998).

Miles, M. B., & Hubermen, A. M. Qualitative Data Analysis. (Thousands Oaks: SAGE Publications, 1994).

MNE. (2001). Program Pembangunan Nasional (Propenas) Tahun 2000-2004: Pembangunan Pendidikan. Retrieved 12 March, 2003, from http://www/

MNE. Indonesia Educational Statistics in Brief. (Jakarta: The Ministry of National Education Republic of Indonesia, 2002).

MNE. (2003a). Pusat Kurikulum Balitbang. Retrieved 24 December, 2003, from

MNE. (2003b). Undang-Undang Sistim Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2003. Retrieved 10 August, 2003, from

Mohrman, S. A., Wohlstetter, P., & Associates. School-Based Management. (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1994).

Mulford, B., & Johns, S. (2004). Successful School Principalship. Leading and Managing, 10(1), 45-76.

National Office of Overseas Schools Recognition. Indonesia: A Comparative Study. (Canberra: Australian Government Publishing ervice, 1995).

Nurman, A. Profil Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Pertama Muhammadiyah Kota Yogyakarta. Unpublished Masters, (Yogyakarta: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2003).

Penabur, B. (2003). Kerangka Dasar Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi. Retrieved 10 December, 2003, from

Poerbakawatja, S. Pendidikan Dalam Alam Indonesia Merdeka. (Jakarta: Gunung Agung, 1970).

Raihani. Curriculum Construction in the Indonesian Pesantren. Unpublished Masters, (Melbourne: The University of Melbourne, 2001).

Rossman, G. B., & Rallis, S. F. Learning in the Field: An Introduction to Qualitative Research (2nd ed.). (Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2003).

Sergiovanni, T. J. Value-Added Leadership. (New York: Harcourt Brace Javanovich, 1990).

Sergiovanni, T. J. Moral Leadership: Getting the Heart of School Improvement. (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1992).

Setiawan, C. Relevansi Kurikulum Pendidikan Masa Depan. In Sindhunata (Ed.), Membuka Masa Depan Anak-Anak Kita: Mencari Kurikulum Pendidikan Abad Xxi. (Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2000).

SMAN A. Profil Sman A. (Yogyakarta: SMAN A Yogykarta, 2004).

SMAN B. Selayang Pandang Sma Negeri B Yogyakarta Tahun Pelajaran 2004-2005.Unpublished manuscript, (Yogyakarta: tp. 2004).

SMAN C. Profil Sman C Yogyakarta. (Yogyakarta: SMAN C Yogyakarta, 2004).

Tilaar, H. A. R. 50 Tahun Pembangunan Pendidikan Nasional 1945-1995. (Jakarta: PT Grasindo, 1995).

Umaedi. (2001). Manajemen Peningkatan Mutu Berbasis Sekolah. Retrieved 10 November, 2003, from

Wong, K. (2005). Conditions and Practices of Successful Principalship in Shanghai. Journal of Educational Administration.

Yin, R. K. Applications of Case Study Research (2nd ed. Vol. 34). (Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, 2003).

Yu, H., Leithwood, K., & Jantzi, D. (2002). The Effects of Transformational Leadership on Teachers' Commitment to Change in Hong Kong. Journal of Educational Administration, 40(4), 368-389.

Yunus, M. Sejarah Pendidikan Islam Di Indonesia. (Jakarta: Mutiara, 1979).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Editorial Office Board

Pascasarjana UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

Jl. KH. Ahmad Dahlan, No. 94 Kode Pos : 28129.


Contact Person :

Khairunnas Jamal

0823 6130 7171



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. View My Stats