Analysis Of Quality Control of Defects In 500 Ml Plastic Bottle Products Using Fault Tree Analysis and FMEA Methods At PT. Berlina Tbk Pandaan

Adimas Syarifuddin, Achmad Misbah


Industrial company PT. Berlina Tbk. currently engaged in manufacturing processing of plastic pellets into plastic packaging products. From the data the author has obtained for 1 month from 21 August to 22 September 2022, the production process at PT. Berlina Tbk. has a bottle product defect in 500 ml plastic packaging quality. From 21 August to 22 September 2023, this production resulted in 6,421 (2%) defects from the total machine production of 287,897 (100%) 500 ml plastic bottles. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method by conducting field research activities (field research), observations, and interviews and by studying books, journals, literature, and other references related to this research. The analysis used in this study is the FTA analysis (Fault Tree Analysis) and the FMEA method (Failure Mode and Effect Analysis). From the research to overcome and reduce the three most significant types of defects using the FTA (Fault Tree Analysis) method, it was found that the causes were influenced by several elements, such as workforce, machines, and materials. With the discovery of the most extensive defect, the researcher has made a proposal based on the RPN (Risk Priority Number), which is then analyzed using the FMEA (Failure Mode And Effect Analysis) method, namely the submission for dirty material defects by checking in the storage room for raw materials, then the type of dirty oil defect by checking on the compressor air section so that during the blowing process it avoids dirty oil. The proposal from the last researcher is a type of folded defect to periodically check the cutting temperature to see if there is a shorted thermocouple.

Full Text:



A. wicaksono Wicaksono and F. Yuamita, “Pengendalian Kualitas Produksi Sarden Mengunakan Metode Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) Untuk Meminimumkan Cacat Kaleng Di PT. Maya Food Industries,” J. Teknol. dan Manaj. Ind. Terap., vol. 1, no. I, pp. 1–6, 2022, doi: 10.55826/tmit.v1ii.6.

A. F. Shiyamy, S. Rohmat, and A. Sopian, “Artikel analisis pengendalian kualitas produk dengan,” J. Ilm. Manaj., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 32–45, 2021.

Misbachul Munir, “Analisis Risk Priority Number Cacat Produk Cup Air Mineral dengan Pendekatan Seven Tools Di PT. XYZ,” Sketsa Bisnis, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 63–71, 2021, doi: 10.35891/jsb.v8i1.2438.

S. A. Ras and A. A. Prasetyo, “Pengujian Setting Mesin Ball Mill Pada Produk Ma0700101 Dengan Pendekatan Spc Dan Metode Taguchi Di Pt Lucky Indah Keramik Tangerang,” J. Inov., 2014.

S. A. F. Silalahi, “KONDISI INDUSTRI MANUFAKTUR INDONESIA DALAM MENGHADAPI GLOBALISASI (Manufacturing Industry Condition in Indonesia against Globalization),” J. Ekon. Kebijak. Publik, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 2014.

W. Y. Kartika, A. Harsono, and G. Permata, “Usulan Perbaikan Produk Cacat Menggunakan Metode Fault Mode and Effect Analysis dan Fault Tree Analysis Pada PT. Sygma Examedia Arkanleema,” J. Online Inst. Teknol. Nas., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 345–356, 2016.

I. Dharmayanti, “ANALISIS PENGENDALIAN KUALITAS TERJADINYA CACAT PADA PROSES PRODUKSI ADJUSTER R KWB (Studi Kasus di PT. Dina Karya Pratama. (Cicadas-Bogor),” J. Manaj. Ind. dan Logistik, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 62–71, 2018.

H. Richma Yulinda, H. S. Rukmi, and S. Susanti, “PERBAIKAN KUALITAS PRODUK KERATON LUXURY DI PT. X DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE FAILURE MODE and EFFECT ANALYSIS (FMEA) dan FAULT TREE ANALYSIS (FTA)*,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 03, no. 03, pp. 137–147, 2015.

E. Ruijters and M. Stoelinga, "Fault tree analysis: A survey of the state-of-the-art in modelling, analysis and tools," Comput. Sci. Rev., vol. 15, pp. 29–62, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.cosrev.2015.03.001.

A. Misbah and A. Pusakaningwati, “Model Pengendalian dan Optimalisasi Safety Stock Bahan Baku Jamur Terhadap Fluktuasi Demand Menuju MEA (Studi: Kawasan Home Industri Pengolahan Jamur Kabupaten Pasuruan),” J. Knowl. Ind. Eng., vol. 04, no. Nomor 03, pp. 39–53, 2017.

N. Xiao, H. Z. Huang, Y. Li, L. He, and T. Jin, "Multiple failure modes analysis and weighted risk priority number evaluation in FMEA," Eng. Fail. Anal., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 1162–1170, 2011, doi: 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2011.02.004.

R. Yusni and R. Novianty, “Analisis Proses Produksi Dalam Meminimalisir Biaya Produksi,” Al-Iqtishad J. Ekon., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 51–59, 2021, [Online]. Available:

Z. Wang, Y. Ran, H. Yu, C. Jin, and G. Zhang, "Failure mode and effects analysis using function–motion–action decomposition method and integrated risk priority number for mechatronic products: FMEA using FMA decomposition method and IRPN for MPs," Qual. Reliab. Eng. Int., vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 2875–2899, 2021, doi: 10.1002/qre.2895.

M. Jishkariani, "Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) For Energy Enterprises," Researchgate.Net, no. May, 2020, [Online]. Available:

K. O. Kim and M. J. Zuo, "General model for the risk priority number in failure mode and effects analysis," Reliab. Eng. Syst. Saf., vol. 169, pp. 321–329, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.ress.2017.09.010.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 SITEKIN: Jurnal Sains, Teknologi dan Industri

Editorial Address:

Kampus Raja Ali Haji
Gedung Fakultas Sains & Teknologi UIN Suska Riau
Jl.H.R.Soebrantas No.155 KM 18 Simpang Baru Panam, Pekanbaru 28293
© 2023 SITEKIN, ISSN 2407-0939

SITEKIN Journal Indexing:

Google Scholar | Garuda | Moraref | IndexCopernicus | SINTA

Creative Commons License