THE EPISTEMOLOGY OF SHARḤ HADITH IN AL-ANDALUS IN THE SECOND TO THE THIRD CENTURY AH: A BOOK STUDY OF TAFSÎR GHARÎB ALMUWAṬṬA BY ‘ABD AL-MALIK BIN ḤABÎB

Muhammad Akmaluddin

Abstract


The fuqahâ’ (Legal Scholars) and muḥadditsûn (Hadith experts) have constructed the
epistemology of Sharḥ Hadith in al-Andalus by its use and application. Interpreting Hadith
by understanding the reality and context in al-Andalus provides a comparative understanding
for society to better get the messages of the Hadith, rather than focus on its transmission and
validity rules. Such approach is taken considering the situation and condition in al-Andalus
demand the dissemination of practical knowledge, not theoretical knowledge as in Masyriq (the
East) where the people have achieved deeper knowledge. The epistemology developed by ‘Abd
al-Malik bin Ḥabîb (d. 238/852) in the second to the third century AH gives an illustration that
Sharḥ Hadith is developed in its epistemic corridor. Basically, the study of Sharḥ Hadith in Al-
Andalus does not only have a passive role in the domination of Islamic centrist in the Masyriq,
but also play an active role in interpreting various situations and conditions in the region.
The relation of power between the Mâlik School and local knowledge in the epistemology of
Sharḥ Hadith hadith are productive, producing practical and principle-based knowledge for
the people in al-Andalus

Keywords


Epistemology; Syarḥ Hadith; al-Andalus; Mâlik School

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akmaluddin, Muhammad. “Developments of Ḥadîth Riwâya in Al-Andalus (2nd - 3rd Centuries of Hijriyya).” Ulumuna 21, no. 2 (2017): 228–252.

———. “Silsilah Riwâyah al-Aḥâdîts Fî al-Andalus: Dirâsah Jîniyâlûjiyyah Li Taṭawwur Riwâyah al-Aḥâdîts Fî al-Qarn al-Tsânî Wa al-Tsâlits Al-Hijrî.” M.A.,

UIN Walisongo, 2015.

———. “The Origin of Fiqh Schools in al-Andalus: From Qairawan to Medina.” International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences 3, no. 9 (2017): 880–887.

Amîn, Aḥmad. Ẓuhr Al-Islâm. Kairo: Mu’assasah Hindâwî li al-Ta‘lîm wa al-Tsaqâfah, 2012.

al-Andalusî, ‘Alî bin Aḥmad Ibn Ḥazm. Rasâ’il Ibn Ḥazm. Edited by Iḥsân ‘Abbâs. Beirut: Al-Mu’assasah al-‘Arabiyyah li al-Dirâsât wa al-Nasyr, 1987.

al-Andalusî, Ṣâ‘îd bin Aḥmad. Kitâb Ṭabaqât Al-Umam. Beirut: al-Maktabah al-Kâtsûlîkiyyah li al-Abâ’ al-Yasû‘iyyîn, 1912.

al-Aṣbâhî, Mâlik bin Anas. Muwaṭṭâ’ Al-Imâm Mâlik. Edited by Muḥammad Fu’âd ‘Abd al-Bâqî. Beirut: Dâr Iḥyâ’ al-Turâts al-‘Arabî, 1985.

Aswad, Muḥammad ‘Abd al-Razzâq. Al-Ittijâhât al-Mu‘âṣirah Fî Dirâsah al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyyah Fi Miṣr Wa Bilâd Syâm. Damaskus: Dâr al-Kalim al-Ṭayyib, 2000.

al-Baidâwî, Abû Ya‘lâ. Al-Ta‘lîqât Al-Mustaẓrifah ‘alâ Al-Risâlah Al-Mustaṭrafah. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2011.

al-Barr, Yûsuf bin ‘Abd Allâh Ibn ‘Abd. Al-Tamhîd Li Mâ Fî al-Muwaṭṭa’ Min al-Ma‘ânî Wa al-Asânîd. Maroko: Wizârah ‘Umûm al-Auqâf wa al-Syu’ûn al-Islâmiyyah, 1387.

al-Bukhtî, Jamâl ‘Ilâl. “Al-Madrasah al-‘Aqdiyyah al-Ûlâ Bi al-Andalus Baina Ahl al-Fiqh Wa Ahl al-Ḥadîts.” 161–205. Maroko: al-Râbiṭah al-Muḥammadiyyah li al-‘Ulamâ,’ 2011.

Dwedâr, Ḥusain Yûsuf. Al-Mujtama‘ al-Andalusî Fî al-‘Aṣr al-Umawî. Kairo: Maṭba‘ah al-Ḥusain al-Islâmiyyah, 1994.

Fierro, Maribel. “Accusations of ‘Zandaqa’ in al-Andalus.” Quaderni di Studi Arabi 5/6 (1987): 251–258.

———. “Local and Global in Ḥadîth Literature: The Case of Al-Andalus.” In The Transmission and Dynamics of the Textual Sources of Islam: Essays in Honour of Harald Motzki, edited by Nicolet Boekhoff-van der Voort, Kees Versteegh, and Joas Wagemakers, 63–88. London: Brill, 2011.

———. “The Introduction of Ḥadîth in al-Andalus (2nd/8th–3rd/9th Centuries).” Der Islam 66 (1989): 68–93.

Foucault, Michel. Ingin Tahu Sejarah Seksualitas. Translated by R.S. Hidayat. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2008.

———. “Intellectuals and Power.” In Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews, edited by D. F. Bouchard, 205–217. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1972.

———. Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977. Edited by Colin Gordon. Translated by Colin Gordon, Leo Marshall, John Mepham, and Kate Soper. Pantheon Books, 1980.

———. The Archaeology of Knowledge. 2nd ed. Routledge Classics. Routledge, 2002.

———. The History of Sexuality, Vol. 1: An Introduction. Translated by Robert Hurley. Random House, 1978.

al-Ghalbazûrî, Taufîq. “Taṭawwur ‘Ilm al-Ḥadîts Bi al-Maghrib Wa al-Andalus Ilâ al-‘Aṣr al-Ḥâḍir Wa Juhûd al-‘Allâmah al-Muḥaddits al-Duktûr Ibrâhîm Bin Ṣiddîq al-Ghumârî Fî Khidmatihî.” 381–415. Maroko: al-Râbiṭah al-Muḥammadiyyah li al-‘Ulamâ,’ 2011.

Haryatmoko. “Kekuasaan Melahirkan Anti-Kekuasaan.” Basis 51, no. 1–2 (2002): 8–21.

Hendrickson, Jocelyn. “Is Al-Andalus Different? Continuity as Contested, Constructed, and Performed across Three Mâlikî Fatwâs.” Islamic Law and Society 20, no. 4 (2013): 371–424.

Ḥusain, Karîm ‘Ajîl. “Al-Tamhîd Li al-Tadwîn al-Târikhî Fî al-Andalus Ḥattâ Nihâyah al-Qarn al-Tsânî al-Hijrî.” Majallah Jâmi‘ah Tikrît li al-‘Ulûm al-Insâniyyah 14, no. 11 (2007): 185–226.

Ibn al-Faraḍî, ‘Abd Allâh bin Muḥammad. Târîkh ‘Ulamâ’ al-Andalus. Edited by Basysyâr ‘Awwâd Ma‘rûf. Tunis: Dâr al-Gharb al-Islâmî, 2008.

al-Isybîlî, al-Fatḥ bin Muḥammad al-Qaisî. Maṭmaḥ al-Anfus Wa Masraḥ al-Ta’annus Fi Milḥ Ahl al-Andalus. Edited by Muḥammad ‘Alî Syawâbikah. Dâr ‘Ammâr: Mu’assasah al-Risâlah, 1983.

al-Jâbirî, Muḥammad ‘Âbid. Isykâliyyât al-Fikr al-‘Arabî al-Mu‘Âṣir. Beirut: Markaz Dirâsât al-Waḥdah al-‘Arabiyyah, 1990.

al-Kattânî, Muḥammad bin Ja‘far. Al-Risâlah al-Mustaṭrafah Li Bayân Masyhûr Kutub al-Sunnah al-Musyarrafah. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2011.

Khalîfah, Muṣṭafâ bin ‘Abd Allâh Ḥâjjî. Kasyf al-Ẓunûn ‘an Asâmî al-Kutub Wa al-Funûn. Baghdad: Maktabah al-Mutsannâ, 1941.

Majid, L.A., and N. Kurt. “Bahr Al-Madhi: Significant Hadith Text Sciences for Malay Muslims as a Tool for Political Teaching during Twentieh Century.” Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences 5, no. 20 (2014): 2249–2254.

al-Mâlikî, Muḥammad bin ‘Alî bin ‘Umar al-Tamîmî al-Mâzirî. Al-Mu‘Lim Bi Fawâ’Id Muslim. Edited by M. al-Syâdzâlî al-Nîfar. Tunis: al-Dâr al-Tûnisiyyah li an-Nasyr, 1988.

al-Maqdisî, Muḥammad bin Aḥmad. Aḥsan al-Taqâsîm Fî Ma‘rifah al-Aqâlîm. Kairo: Maṭba‘ah al-Madbûlî, 1991.

al-Maqqarî, Aḥmad bin Muḥammad. Nafḥ al-Ṭîb Min Ghusn al-Andalus al-Raṭîb Wa Dzikr Wazîrihâ Lisân al-Dîn Bin al-Khaṭîb. Edited by Iḥsân ‘Abbâs. Beirut: Dâr Ṣâdir, 1997.

Marín-Guzmán, Roberto. “La Rebelión Muladí En al-Andalus y Los Inicios de La Sublevación de ’Umar Ibn Hafsun En Las Épocas de Muhammad I y Al-Mundhir (880-888).” Estudios de Asia y Africa 33, no. 2 (106) (1998): 233–284.

———. “Social and Ethnic Tensions in al-Andalus: Cases of Ishbîliyah (Sevilla) 276/889—302/914 and Ilbîrah (Elvira) 276/889—284/897— The Role of ’Umar Ibn Ḥafṣûn.” Islamic Studies 32, no. 3 (1993): 279–318.

———. “The End of the Revolt of ’Umar Ibn Ḥafṣûn in al-Andalus: The Period of ’Abd al-Raḥmân III (912-28).” Islamic Studies 34, no. 2 (1995): 153–205.

———. “The revolt of ’Umar Ibn Hafsun in al-Andalus: A Challenge to the Structure of the State (880-928).” Ph.D., 1994.

Masud, Muhammad Khalid. “A History of Islamic Law in Spain: An Overview.” Islamic Studies 30, no. 1/2 (1991): 7–35.

Melchert, Christopher. The Formation of the Sunni Schools of Law, 9th-10th Centuries C.E. Studies in Islamic Law and Society v. 4. Leiden: New York: Brill, 1997.

Mustansyir, Rizal, and Misnal Munir. Filsafat Ilmu. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2015.

Safran, Janina M. “Identity and Differentiation in Ninth-Century al-Andalus.” Speculum 76, no. 3 (2001): 573–598.

Sarup, Madan. Posstrukturalisme Dan Posmodernisme: Sebuah Pengantar Kritis. Translated by M.A. Hidayat. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Jendela, 2003.

Shiner, Larry. “Reading Foucault: Anti-Method and the Genealogy of Power-Knowledge.” History and Theory 21, no. 3 (1982): 382–398.

al-Sulamî, ‘Abd al-Malik bin Ḥabîb bin Sulaimân. “Al-Muqaddimah.” In Tafsîr Gharîb al-Muwaṭṭa’, edited by ‘Abd al-Raḥmân bin Sulaimân al-‘Utsaimîn, 9–167. Riyadh: Maktabah al-‘Abîkân, 2001.

———. Tafsîr Gharîb al-Muwaṭṭa’. Edited by ‘Abd al-Raḥmân bin Sulaimân al-‘Utsaimîn. Riyadh: Maktabah al-‘Abîkân, 2001.

al-Syahrazûrî, ‘Utsmân bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmân Ibn Ṣalâḥ. Waṣl Balâghât Al-Muwaṭṭa’. Edited by ‘Abd al-Fattâḥ Abû Ghuddah. Aleppo: al-Maṭba‘ah al-‘Ilmiyyah, n.d.

Watloly, Aholiab. Sosio-Epistemologi: Membangun Pengetahuan Berwatak Sosial. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2016.

Watt, W. Montgomery, and Pierre Cachia. A History of Islamic Spain. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1977.

al-Yaḥṣubî, Iyâḍ bin Mûsâ. Al-Ilmâ‘ Ilâ Ma‘rifah Uṣûl al-Riwâyah Wa Taqyîd al-Samâ‘. Edited by al-Sayyid A. Ṣaqar. Kairo: Dâr al-Turâts, 1970.

al-Dzahabî, Muḥammad bin Aḥmad. Siyar A’lâm al-Nubalâ’. Edited by Syu‘aib al-Arnâ’ûṭ. Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Risâlah, 1985.

———. Târîkh al-Islâm Wa Wafayât al-Masyâhîr Wa al-A‘Lâm. Edited by Basysyâr ‘Awwâd Ma‘rûf. Tunis: Dâr al-Gharb al-Islâmî, 2003




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24014/jush.v26i2.5374

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





Jurnal Ushuluddin Indexed By:


Alamat Redaksi:

Fakultas Ushuluddin UIN SUSKA Riau Jl. H.R. Soebrantas KM. 15,5 Panam – Pekanbaru

E-mail: jurnal.ushuluddin@uin-suska.ac.id / jurnalushuluddin@gmail.com

ejournal: http://ejournal.uin-suska.ac.id/index.php/ushuludin


Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Ushuluddin is licensed under a Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.

View My Stats