Hubungan Baik Dengan Orang yang Signifikan dan Kontribusinya Terhadap Kebahagiaan Remaja Indonesia

Diana Elfida, Yuliana Intan Lestari, Adfa Diamera, Ricca Angraeni, Syorga Islami

Abstract


Budaya memainkan peran penting terhadap upaya orang dalam meraih kebahagiaan. Di budaya kolektif, kebahagiaan dikonstruksikan sebagai harmoni sosial. Dengan demikian,
bagi individu yang besar di budaya kolektif hubungan baik dengan orang-orang yang signifikan, seperti di Indonesia, akan mempengaruhi kebahagiaannya. Penelitian ini memiliki tiga tujuan yaitu untuk mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang membuat individu
bahagia, orang-orang yang mendukung kebahagiaan individu, dan orang-orang yang kepada mereka individu akan berbagi kebahagiaan. Responden penelitian adalah
411 orang mahasiswa dari berbagai universitas di Pekanbaru.. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa memiliki relasi positif (49,7%), mendapatkan apreasiasi (23,9%), menikmati waktu luang (22,4%), dan melakukan aktifitas religius (2,8%) merupakan faktor utama bagi kebahagiaan individu di dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Orang-orang yang mendukung dan membuat individu merasa bahagia adalah keluarga (66,8%), teman-teman (20,6%), dan orang-orang spesial (12,3%). Sementara itu, individu berbagi
kebahagiaan pada sahabat (47,5%), keluarga (31,9%), and pacar (14,1%). Ketiga hasil ini memperkuat gagasan bahwa hubungan dengan orang-orang yang signifikan memiliki kontribusi penting bagi kebahagiaan individu, khususnya remaja.
Kata kunci: kebahagiaan, budaya kolektif, significant persons


Keywords


kebahagiaan, budaya kolektif, significant persons

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Naggar, R. A., Al-Jashamy, K. A., Yun, L. W., Isa., Z. M., Alsaror, M. I., dan Al-Naggar, A. G. A. (2010). Perceptions And Opinion Of Happiness Among University Students In A Malaysian University. ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, 11(2) XX XX.

Anggoro, W. J. dan Widhiarso, W. (2010). Konstruksi dan Identifikasi Properti Psikometris Instrumen Pengukuran Berbasis Pendekatan Indigenous Psychology: Studi Multitrait-Multimethod. Jurnal Psikologi, 37, 2, 176-188.

Ary, D.V., Duncan, T.E., Duncan, S.C., & Hops, H. (1999). Adolescent problem behaviour:

The influence of parents and peers. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37, 217-230.

Basson, N. (2008). The Influence Of Psychosocial Factors On The Subjective Wellbeing Of Adolescents. Bloemfontein: University of the Free State.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. dan Hunter, J. (2003). Happiness in Everyday Life: The uses of experience sampling. Journal of Happiness Studies, 4, 185-199.

Compton, W. C. (2005). Introduction to Positive Psikologi. USA: Malloy Incorporated.

Dhammananda, V. K. S., Yun, M. H., Lama, H. H. D., Hanh, V. T. N., & Sumedho. A. (2005). Bagaimana Mengembangkan Kebahagiaan dalam Kehidupan Sehari-hari. Perpustakaan eBook Budhis.

Demir, M., Özen, A., Doğan, A., Bilyk, N. A., dan Tyrell, F. A. (2011). I Matter to My Friend, Therefore I am Happy: Friendship, Mattering, and Happiness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12, 983–1005.

Desmita. (2008). Psikologi Perkembangan. Bandung: Rosdakarya

Diener, Ed. (1984). Subjective Well-Being. Psychological Bulletine, 95(3), 542-575.

Diener, E. (2000). Subjective Well-Being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. American Psychologist, 55(1), 34-43.

Diener, E. dan Oishi, S. (2004). Are Scandinavians Happier than Asians? Issues in Comparing Nations on Subjective Well-Being. Dalam Colombus, F. (editor), Politics & Economics of Asia. New York: Nova Sacience Publishers.

Eid, M. dan Diener, E. (2001). Norms for Experiencing Emotions in Different Cultures: Inter- and Intranational Differences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(5), 869-885.

Eryilmaz, A. (2014). Strategies adopted by Turkish adults for increasing happiness in daily life. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 17(7), 680–689.

Field, T., Diego, M., dan Sanders, C. 2001. Adolescent Depression and Risk Factors. Adolescence, 36, 143, 491-498.

Fordyce, M. W. (1977). Development of a Program to Increase Personal Happiness. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 24(6) 511-521.

Fordyce, M. W. (1983). A Program to Increase Happiness: Further Studies. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 30(4), 483-498.

Fowler, J. H. (2008). Dynamic Spread of Happiness in A Large Social Network: Longitudinal analysis over 20 years in the Framingham Heart Study. BMJ, 337:a2338.

Garcia, D. 2011. Adolescent’s Happiness.The Role of Affective Temprament Model on Memory and Apprehension Events, Subjective Well-Being, and Psychological Well-Being. Dissertation (Unpublished). Gothenburg: Department of Psychology Univeristy of Gothenburg.

Garcia, D. dan Erlandsson, A. (2011). The Relationship Between Personality and Subjective Well-Being: Different Association Patterns When Measuring the Affective Component in Frequency and Intensity. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12, 1023–1034.

Giannakopoulos, G., Dimitrakaki, C., Pedeli, X., Kolaitis, G., Rotsika, V., Sieberer, U.R., dan Tountas, Y. (2009). Adolsescents’ Well-Being and Functioning: relationship with parents subjective general physical and mental health. Health and Quality of Life Outcome, 7, 100-108.

Hawkins, A. dan Catalano, M. (1992). Risk and Protective factor Framework. http://www.hsd. state.nm.us/Synar/pdf/Hawkins and Catalano Risk and Protective Factor Framework.pdf. Diakses tanggal 27 Februari 2012.

Henn, C. M. (2005). The relationship between certain family variables and the psychological

well-being of black adolescents. Ph-D thesis. Bloemfontein, University of the Free

State.

Herbyanti, D. Kebahagiaan pada Remaja di Daerah Abrasi. Indigenous, Jurnal Ilmiah

Berkala Psikologi. UMS. Vol. 11, No. 2, Nopember 2009 : 60-73

Jones, C.J., dan Meredith, W. (2000). Developmental Paths of Psychological Health from Early Adolescence and Late Adulthood. Psyhology and Aging, 15(1), 351-360.

Kim, U., Yang, K. S., dan Hwang, K. K. Contributions to Indigenous and Cultural Psychology. Understanding People in Context. Di dalam: Kim, U., Yang, K. S., dan Hwang, K. K (Editor). Indigenous and Cultural Psychology. Understanding People in Context. New York: Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

Konu, A.I., Lintonen, T.P., dan & Rimpelӓ, M.K. (2002). Factors associated with schoolchidren’s general subjective well-being. Health Educaton Research, 17, 2, 155-165.

Kwan, V.S.Y., Bond, M.H., dan T.M. Singelis. (1997) Pancultural explanations for life satisfaction: Adding relationship harmony to self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, pp. 1038–1051.

Lee, D. Y., Park, S. H., Uhlemann, M. R., dan Patsula, P. (2000). What makes you happy?: A comparison of self-reported criteria of happiness between two cultures. Social Indicators Research, 50(3), 351-362.

Lu, L. dan Gilmer, R. (2004). Culture and Conceptions of Happiness: Individual oriented and social oriented of SWB. Journal of Happiness Studies, 5, 269-291.

Mathews, G. (2012). Happiness, culture, and context. International Journal of Wellbeing, 2(4), 299-312.

MacLeod, A. K., Coates, E., dan Hetherton, J. (2008). Increasing well-being through teaching goal-setting and planning skills: results of a brief intervention. Journal of Happiness Studies, 9,185–196.

Primasari, A. dan Yuniarti, K. W. (2012). What make teenagers happy? An exploratory study using indigenous psychology approach. International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, 1(2), 53-61.

Quevedo, R. J. M. dan Abella, M. C. (2011). Well-being and personality: Facet-level analyses. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 206–211.

Rakhmat, J. (2004). Meraih Kebahagiaan. Bandung: Simbiosa Rekatama Media.

Schimmack, U., Oishi, S., dan Diener, E. dan 2002. Cultural Influences on the Relation between Pleasant Emotions and Unpleasant Emotions: Asian dialectical phylosophies or individualism-collectivism. Cognition and Emotion, 16, 6, 705-719.

Suhartini, I. (2015). Aktifitas Apa yang Membuat Remaja Bahagia? Skripsi (tidak Dipublikasikan). Pekanbaru: Fakultas Psikologi UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau.

Tkach, C. dan Lyubomirsky, S. (2006). How Do People Pursue Happiness? Relating Personality, Happiness-Increasing Strategy, and Well-Being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 7, 183-225.

Uchida, Y., Norasakkunkit, V., dan Kitayama, S. (2004). Cultural Construtions of Happiness: Theory and Empirical Evidence. Journal of Happiness Studies, 5, 223-239.

Warner, R. M. dan Vroman, K. G. (2011). Happiness Inducing Behaviors in Everyday Life: An Empirical Assessment of ‘‘The How of Happiness’’. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12, 1063–1082.

Weiting, N., Diener, E., Aurora, R., dan Harter, J. (2008). Affluence, Feelings of Stress, and and Well-being. Social Indication Research, Desember. DOI 101007/s1 1205-008-9422-5

Workum, N. V., Scholte, R. H. J., Cillesen, A. H. N. Lodder, G. M. A., dan Giletta, M. 2013. Selection, Deselection, and Socialization Process of Happiness in Adolescent Frendship Networks. http://www.gmw.rug.nl/~veenstra/JRA/Network-Behavior Dynamics/VanWorkum_JRA2013.pdf. Diakses tanggal 13 Juni 2013.

Wirtz, W., Chiu, C. Y., Diener, E., dan Oishi, S. (2009). What Constitutes a Good Life? Cultural Differences in the Role of Positive and Negative Affect in Subjective Well-Being. Journal of Personality, 77(4), 1167-1195

Zhu, X., Woo, S. E., Porter, C., dan Brzezinski, M. (2013). Pathways to happiness: From personality to social networks and perceived support. Social Network, 35, 382– 393




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24014/jp.v10i2.1182

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments


REDAKSI : JURNAL PSIKOLOGI

Jl. H.R. Soebrantas Km. 15.5 No. 155 Gedung Fakultas Psikologi UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau Kel. Simpang Baru Kec. Tampan Pekanbaru - Riau 28293. 

E-mail : jurnal.psikologi@uin-suska.ac.id 

 

 

Lisensi Creative Commons


Jurnal Psikologi oleh Fakultas Psikologi disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.