Fenomena Cerai Gugat Pada Pengadilan Agama di Malaysia dan Indonesia : Suatu Perspektif Psikologi Hukum Keluarga Islam

Mohammad Abdi Almakstur, Azni Azni, Khairil Anwar, Mardiana mardiana

Abstract


This study elaborates on the psychological causes of divorce claims made by wives against her husband in Indonesia and Malaysia. Phenomenon divorce is worth investigating because statistically, the number is much higher than the husband. The method in this research used a random sampling approach, where 400 of 200 wives from Indonesia and 200 wives from Malaysia. Sample in the research is determined randomly from various locations, namely; Religious Courts in Indonesia, Officials of the Shari'ah Court in Malaysia, Lawyers / Advocate Offices in Indonesia and Malaysia, respondents who have experienced divorce in Indonesia and Malaysia, respondents from families who are still intact in Indonesia and Malayasia, some Islamic Office in Indonesia and Official of Islamic Progress Office (JAKIM) in Malaysia. The results of this study indicate that the indicators measured from the variables indicate the existence of potential leads to divorce, indicators that are measured from the husband's behavior variable can indicate the potential to lead to divorce, the variable measuring indicator also provides guidance on the direction of divorce, then some attitude indicators bring opportunities for divorce. It is hoped that this study can be used as input for missionary activists, the head of the Office of Religion, that the occurrence of divorce from a wife statistically, the highest number divorce than a husband, is caused by psychological factors.


Keywords


Emotional pressure, husband's behavior, wife assertiveness, perceptions of divorce and marriage law.

References


Arto, A. Mukti, Praktek Perkara Perdata Pada Pengadilan Agama, cet. ke-2 Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1998

Azni, Ilmu Fiqh dan Hukum Keluarga; Perspektif Ulama Tradisionalis dan Kontemporer, Jakarta : PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 2016

Lestari, Rika, Perbandingan Penyelesaian Sengketa Perceraian Secara Mediasi di Pengadilan dan di Luar Pengadilan di Kabupaten Kampar, Pekanbaru : Jurnal Hukum IUS QUIA IUSTUM, 2014, No.2 vol. 12 April 2014

Latif, M. Djamil, Aneka Hukum Perceraian di Indonesia , Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia, 1985

Najibah Mohd Zin et al, Undang-undang Keluarga (Islam), Kuala Lumpur : Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 2007

Nurhayanti, Lina, Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Cerai Gugat Studi Perkara di Pengadilan Agama Yogyakarta Tahun 2006-2008), Yogyakarta : UIN Suka, 2010

Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 10 Tahun 1983

Peraturan Pemerintahan Nomor 45 tahun 1990

Rubani, Maedhiyah, Psikologi Komunikasi, Bandung : Remaja Rosdakarya, 2010

Sabiq, Sayyid, Fiqh al Sunnah, t.tp : Dar al-Tsaqafah al Islamiyah t.th, jilid II.

Al-Syafi’i, Muhammad ibn Idris, al-Umm, (t.tp : t.p.th)

Santrock, J. W. (1995). Life-span development. (Terjemahan : Chusairi, A. & Damanik). Jakarta : Penerbit Erlangga

Undang-Undang Perkawinan RI Nomor 1 Tahun 1974

Valler, M.L., Ellison, C.G., & Powers, D.A. (2009). Religious influences on the risk of marital dissolution. Journal of Marriage and Family ProQuest Sociology, 71(4).

Walgito, Pengantar Psikologi Umum, Yogyakarta : ANDI, 2004

Az Zuhaili, Wahbah, Al-Fiqh al-Islam wa Adillatuhu, Damsyiq : Dar al-Fikr, 1984, Juz IX,

http://arifjulianto.wordpress.com/2008/06/05/tingginya-tingkat-perceraian-di-donesia, akses 12 April 2009

https://www.radarlombok.co.id/perceraian-lotim-didominasi-janda-malaysia.html

http://batampos.co.id/2016/10/03/angka-perceraian-pekanbaru-benar-benar-mengejutkan-sekali/

http://www.beritasatu.com/dunia/168866-ribuan-perceraian-di-malaysia-akibat-suami-suka-berutang.html




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24014/jhi.v21i1.10633

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats