THE FATWAS OF MAJELIS ULAMA INDONESIA ON THE AHMADIYAH DOCTRINES

Lilik Rofiqoh

Abstract


This paper discusses two relevant fatwas and corresponding recommendations by Indonesian’s Ulema Council (Majlis Ulama Indonesia: MUI) on the doctrines of Ahmadiyah. In doing so, it takes the historical background of the issue of the fatwas along with its political context. MUI in issuing the fatwa received the full political support of the New Order government, which at that time was highly concerned with the national security and stability. Moreover, Indonesia did not seem able to reject the influence of the transnational Islamic countries’ policy, which strongly

demanded that Ahmadiyah must be banned from any Muslim country. A strong influence of particularly the government has created distrust in the MUI’s authority as an Islamic scholar organization that was politically not

sterilized. Many have doubted that MUI’s fatwa was genuine and/or even effectively binding, particularly when its fatwa dealt with the status of sects within Islam–whether or not they are heretic.  


Keywords


Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI), Jemaah Ahmadiyah, fatwa, religious heresy

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References


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