ISLAM AND THE STATE IN INDONESIA: A Sociological and Historical Perspective

Imron Rosyidi

Abstract


Abstract: This paper presents an analysis of the process of the birth of the new Muslim intellectual generation in Indonesia who prefer cultural to political movements. This new generation promotes a pivotal movement in driving and encouraging changes in the political concept of Pancasila and Islamic state. In Indonesian history, Muslim intellectuals were considered less dominating than Nationalist intellectuals in shaping the form of the state. In the early history
of Indonesian independence, they attempted to promote the  mportance of Islam as the state official ideology. However, since 1970s there had been changes in the orientation of the Muslim intellectuals’ struggle in that they preferred cultural approaches in the shaping of Indonesian state. As a result, many Muslim intellectuals did not have strong eagerness to promote Islam as the state ideology, but still managed to exert their influences to the state through social and professional organizations. As discussed in this paper, one notable example of these organizations is ICMI, whose establishment and
growth have been significant in recent Indonesian history.


Keywords


Islam, the state, multiculturalism, Intellectualism, Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdillah, M. (1997). Responses of Indonesian Muslim intellectuals to the concept of democracy (1966-1993). Hamburg: Austronesia.

Abdullah, T. (1996). The Formation of a new paradigm? A sketch on contemporary Islamic discourse. In M. R. Woodward (Ed.), Toward a new paradigm: Recent developments in Indonesian Islamic thought. Arizona: Arizona State University.

Anwar, M. S. (1992). Islam bureaucracy and social political convergence in the New Order. Mizan, 5(2).

Anwar, M. S. (1992). Islam, negara, dan formasi sosial dalam Orde Baru: Menguak dimensi sosio-historis kelahiran dan perkembangan ICMI. Ulumul Qur’an, 3(1).

Anwar, M. S. (1995). Pemikiran dan aksi Islam Indonesia: Sebuah kajian politik tentang cendekiawan Muslim Orde Baru. Jakarta: Paramadina.

Bajasut, S.U. (1972). Alam pikiran dan jejak perjuangan Prawoto Mangksasmito. Surabaya: Documentica.

Editor (1991, February 16)

Effendy, B. (2003). Islam and the state in Indonesia. Singapore: ISEAS.

Frederspiel, H. M. (1991). Muslim intellectuals and Indonesia’s national development. Asian Survey, 30(3).

Hefner, R. W. (1997). Islamization and democratization in Indonesia. In R. W. Hefner & P. Horvatich (Eds.), Islam in an era of nation states. Honolulu: University of Hawai Press.

Hefner, R. W. (2000). Civil Islam: Muslims and democratization in Indonesia. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Huq, M. (1999). From piety to romance Islam. In D. F. Eickelman and J. W. Anderson (Eds.), New media in the Muslim world: The Emerging of public sphere. Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Ismail, F. (2001). Islam and Pancasila: Indonesian politics 1945-1995. Jakarta: Departemen Agama.

Kompas (1990, December 5).

Latif, Y. (2004). The Muslim intelligentsia of Indonesia: A Genealogy of its emergence in the 20th Century. Volume II Appendices. Canberra: ANU.

Liddle, R. W. (1999). Regime: The New Order. In Donald K. Emmerson (Ed.), Indonesia beyond Soeharto: Polity, economy, society transition (pp. 39-70). London: Asia Society.

Madjid, N. (1991). Islam: Kemodernan dan Keindonesiaan. Bandung: Mizan.

Makka, A. M., & Mashad, D. (1997). ICMI: Dinamika politik Islam di Indonesia. Jakarta: Pustaka.

Mardatillah, F. (1997). Intellectual response to the establishment of ICMI (Masters thesis, McGill University, Canada). Retrieved from http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/R/?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=27955&local_base=GEN01MCG02

Mudzhar, A. (1990). Fatwa’s of the Council of Indonesian Ulama: A study of legal thought in Indonesia 1975-1988 (Unpublished doctoral thesis), University of California.

Noer, D. (1990). Mohammad Hatta: Biografi politik. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Nugroho, T. (2003). Pasang surut Islam dan Negara Pancasila. Yogyakarta: PADMA.

Pelita (1990, December 6).

Rahardjo, D. (1995). Visi dan misi kehadiran ICMI: Sebuah pengantar. In Nasrullah Ali-Fauzi (Ed.). ICMI: Antara status quo dan demokratisasi. Bandung: Mizan.

Rasyid, M. R. (1995). Indonesia: Preparing for Post-Soeharto Rule and its Impact on Democratization. Southeast Asian Affairs, 22.

Sahrasad, H. (2005). Rezim Orde Baru & reformasi: Islam, kebangsaan, ketidakadilan & kekerasan. Aceh: ISAC & University of Malikussaleh Press.

Salman, E. (1990, December 4). Gelisah melihat cendekiawan Muslim. Pelita.

Schwarz, A. (1994). A nation in waiting: Indonesia in the 1990s. San Fransisco: Westview Press.

Syamsuddin, M. S. (1991). Religion and politics in Islam: The case of Muhammadiyah in Indonesia’s New Order (Unpublished doctoral thesis), University of California, USA.

Tamara, M. N. (1988). Sejarah politik Islam Orde Baru. Prisma, 5.

Tempo (1990, December 8).

Thaba, A. A. (1996). Islam dan negara dalam Politik Orde Baru. Bandung: Mizan.

Thantowi, P. U. (2005). Kebangkitan politik kaum santri: Islam dan demokratisasi di Indonesia 1990-2000. Jakarta: PSAP.

Uchrowi, Z., & Usman Ks. (2000). ICMI bergerak: Lintasan 10 tahun Ikatan Cendikiawan Muslim se-Indonesia. Jakarta: Republika.

Vatikiotis, M. R. J. (1993). Indonesian politics under Soeharto. London: Routledge.

Wahid, A. (1995). Intelektual di tengah eklusivisme. In Nasrullah Ali-Fauzi (Ed.). ICMI: Antara status quo dan demokratisasi. Bandung: Mizan.

Wirosardjono, S. (2000, July 30). Muslim cendikia. Republika Online.

Zaman, M. Q. (2002). The Ulama in contemporary Islam: Custodians of change. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Zuhri, S. (1987). Berangkat dari pesantren. Jakarta: Gunung Agung.

Zuhri, S. et al. (1984). PPP, NU dan MI: Gejolak wadah politik Islam. Jakarta: Integrita Press.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Asia Pacific Journal on Religion and Society



Published by:

Institute for Southeast Asean Islamic Studies (ISAIS)
Universitas Islam Negeri  Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau
Jalan H. R. Soebrantas KM. 15.5, Simpangbaru, Tampan
Pekanbaru - 28293
email: isais@uin-suska.ac.id

Indexed by:

 

 Creative Commons License APJRS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.