Feby Artwodini Muqtadiroh, Eko Wahyu Tyas Darmaningrat, Riza Nadia Savira


An e-learning implementation is part of software implementation. In Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC), implementation is the phase after software being develoved and tested. Unfortunately, even software has been developed and tested, there has been quite number of failure stories in the implementation of e-learning.E-learning implementation concerns with three main activities: delivery, support, and feedback. To assure the success of e-learning implementation, it requires careful plans and proper and systematic implementation phases since there will a quite degree of possibilities of uncertainties and risks that may hinder successful implementation of e-learning.

One of the methods adoptable to prevent failures in e-learning implementation is risk analysis. Due to those purposes, this research contributed to any institutions planning to implement e-learning to be better prepare and identify what kind of risks that may arise in the process of e-learning implementation and proper risk mitigation plan in order to be able to prevent the failure.

This research has identified 24 risks that may hinder successful implementation of e-learning. And for those risks there will be choosen the high-risk activity in implementing e-learning using the Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA). There are 3-prioritized risks; very high, high, fair. And this research focuses on the very high and high degree of potential RPN are: resistance from the users due to non-involvement in the process of need identification leading to generation of final products that are not in compliance with the users, lack of policies to obligate the adoption of e-learning in learning processes, and unwillingness of the users to change to use e-learning.

Full Text:



J. S. George, J. F. Hoffer, and J. A. Valacich, “Essentials of System Analysis and Design,” in 3rd ed.: Upper Saddle: Prenticre Hall, 2006.

A. L. Ghozali, “The Concept and Understanding of Project Management,” Teknik Informatika Politeknik Indramayu. 2014.

Yulianto and A. Tjahyanto, “Risk Project Management for the Software Development of MyBIZ 2,” in Prosiding Seminar Nasional Manajemen Teknologi VII ISBN : 978-979-99735-4-2, 2008.

Suryanto, S. Gondodiyoto, N. I. Desi, Aryanto, and E. Triana, “The Evaluation of Project Management,” CommIT, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 82–85, 2009.

M. IMCA, “Guidance on Failure Modes & Effects Analyses (FMEAs),” IMCA (The International marine Contractors Association). 2002.

M. Villacourt, “Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA): A Guide for Continuous Improvement for the Semiconductor Equipment Industry,” in International SEMATECH, 1992.

Q. Guo, Z. Tian, and L. Zeng, “Notice of Retraction Analysis on Risk Management Based on the Method of FMEA of EPC General Contractor Projects,” in International Conference on Management and Service Science, 2010.

E. Engineering, “The Application of FMEA method in the risk management of medical device during the lifecycle,” in 2nd International Conference on E-business and Information System Security, 2010.

J. J. Paschkewitz, “Risk Management in Lean Product Development,” in 2014 Reliability and Maintainability Symposium, 2014, pp. 1–6.

G. Cândea, S. Kifor, and C. Constantinescu, “Usage of case-based reasoning in FMEA-driven software,” Procedia CIRP, vol. 25, pp. 93–99, 2014.

K. C. Ekwunife-Orakwue and T. L. Teng, “The impact of transactional distance dialogic interactions on student learning outcomes in online and blended environments,” Comput. Educ., vol. 78, pp. 414–427, 2014.

I. Esteban-Millat, F. J. Martínez-López, R. Huertas-García, I. A. Meseguer, and Rodríguez-Ardura, “Modelling students’ flow experiences in an online learning environment,” Comput.Educ., vol. 71, pp. 111–123, 2014.

K. Kruse, “The Benefits and Drawbacks of E-Learning,” http://www.elearningguru.com, 2002. .

J. P. Lorenzetti, “How e-learning is changing higher education: a new look,” Distance Educ. Rep., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 4–7, 2005.

J. G. Ruiz, M. J. Mintzer, and R. M. Leipzig, “The impact of e-learning in medical education,” Acad. Med., vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 207–212, 2006.

E. T. Welsh, C. R. Wanberg, K. G. Brown, and M. J. Simmering, “E-learning: emerging uses, empirical results and future directions,” Int. J. Train. Dev., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 245–258, 2003.

N. Barik and S. Karforma, “Risks and Remedies in e-learning system,” Int. J. Netw. Secur. Its Appl., vol. 4, no. 1, 2012.

M. Holbl and T. Welzer, “Students’ Feedback and Communication Habits using Moodle,” Electron. Electr. Eng. Technol. Sci., vol. 102, no. 6, pp. 63–66, 2010.

L. Uden, I. T. Wangsa, and E. Damiani, “The Future of E-learning: E-learning Ecosystem,” Digit. Ecosyst. Technol. Conf., pp. 113–117, 2007.

A. . Goldberg, “Exploring Instructional Design Issues with Web-Enhanced Courses: What Do Faculty Need in Order to Present Materials On-Line and What Should They Consider When Doing So?,” J. Interact. Online Learn., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 40–52, 2005.

A. Anderson and A. Gronlund, “A conceptual framework for e-learning in developing countries: A critical review of research challenges,” EJISDC, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 1–16, 2009.

J. D. F. Sanchez, A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) – Fifth Edition. Project Management Institut.

Dumbravă, V, “Using Probability–Impact Matrix in Analysis and Risk Assessment Projects,” J. Knowl. Manag. Econ. Inf. Technol., no. December, pp. 76–96, 2013.

K. Stillings, “Advanced Failure Mode Effects Analysis,” 2010.

A. Husen, Project Management. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Andi Offset, 2009.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi

UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

Jl. HR. Soebrantas KM 18 No. 155 Pekanbaru Riau Indonesia

Website: http://fst.uin-suska.ac.id

Email: fst@uin-suska.ac.id